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'''Herman Melville''' (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance (literature)|American Renaissance period best known for ''Typee'' (1846), a romantic account of his experiences in Polynesian life, and his whaling novel ''Moby-Dick'' (1851). His work was almost forgotten during his last thirty years. His writing draws on his experience at sea as a common sailor, exploration of literature and philosophy, and engagement in the contradictions of American society in a period of rapid change. He developed a complex, baroque style: the vocabulary is rich and original, a strong sense of rhythm infuses the elaborate sentences, the imagery is often mystical or ironic, and the abundance of allusion extends to Bible|Scripture, myth, philosophy, literature, and the visual arts.
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